Flowers Around the World

Though we may speak different languages and eat different foods, one thing that we all have in common is the fact that our countries are proudly represented by one of nature’s most beautiful features – a flower. Do you know which bloom belongs to you and your culture? In today’s history lesson, we’re covering 24 countries and their corresponding flower(s) to give you a better idea of the current pairings; check them out below.


Cornflowers, a beautiful blue-violet bloom, is utilized as the national flower for Germany. Why? Most notably, it was chosen sometime in the 19th century due to its stunning color! History says that if you weren’t married, you would wear this flower to let others know of your current marital status.


The beautiful lily is the national flower for this beautiful country! This certainly isn’t surprising though, considering that the lily represents beauty to begin with.

Lilys for Italy


The national flower of the Philippines is the sampaguita. Named the national flower back in 1934, this flower has been used in cultural songs and stories for many, many years, and is said to symbolize characteristics such as purity and strength.


Dahlia, a flower native to Mexico, is known as the national flower of this particular country. At one point the tubers from this bloom were even grown as a crop by the Aztec community.


Brazil’s national flower is tecoma chrysostricha. However, the corsage orchid (or cattleya labiata) is also known to represent the Brazilian nationality.


While they may not be considered the official national flowers of Japan, unofficially the chrysanthemum and cherry blossom have been named as such. Since the chrysanthemum has long been used to represent the imperial family, some may argue that this bloom should take the reigns as number one.


Iris, a three-petal beauty, is the national flower for France and has been used to represent French royalty and the French monarchy.

Iris France National Flower


Also known to hold religious significance, India’s national flower is the lotus. And though it is sometimes referred to by different names (for example, the Indian Lotus vs. the Sacred Lotus), regardless of what you call it, it is known to be incredibly sacred for those of this nationality.


We bet you could guess this one – the shamrock is Ireland’s national flower. A three-leafed plant, the shamrock comes from an old tale of St. Patrick (it is said that he used its unique design to explain the trinity).


Peony has been the national flower of China since 1903, though plum blossoms are also a favorite.


Australia is florally represented by the golden wattle. Sometimes viewed as a small tree, the wattle is one of the more popular plants found in Australia and is known to represent the spirit of its population. Additionally, it is also said to represent unity.

Hong Kong

The bauhinia blakeana is the national flower of Hong Kong. Named as the national flower just a little over a decade ago, you can see a visual of it on Hong Kong’s national flag.


Jamaica’s national flower is the lignum vitae. A plant that offers beautiful blue flowers as well as fruit, they are primarily found on the north and south coasts of this country.

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic has chosen the bayahibe rose as their national flower. But, before that, it was the the flower of the caoba (mahogany tree).


The orchid is Singapore’s national flower. Determined in 1981, the orchid was chosen to aid with boosting national pride and identity. Getting specific, the Vanda Miss Joapquim is the particular orchid chosen because of traits such as its color and resilience.

Orchid for Singapore


Just a little over a year ago, the anemones was chosen for Israel’s national flower. This particular flower was elected to represent the country over the cyclamen and the purple iris in honor of SPNI’s 60th anniversary.


The marguerite daisy, which botanically speaking is known as argyranthemum frutescens, is the national flower of Denmark. However, others such as the red clover and english holly are also considered symbolic.


Edelwiss, which is also known as leontopodium alpinum, is one of the most well known European mountain flowers AND Austria’s national flower! Classified as perennials, you can find images of these on Austrian coins.


Greece is represented by beautiful purple violets. However, laurel and bear’s breech are pretty common too.


Erythrina, also known as ceibo, is known as the national flower of Argentina. This red beauty has been representing the country since the early 1940s and is ultimately considered one of South America’s trees.


Norway is represented by the purple heather. If you’re unfamiliar with the heather family, purple flowers are considered wild species more often than not.


Like Japan, Sweden does not have an official national flower. However, it would be the linnea borealis if it did! Broken down by province, some national flowers include:
● Blekinge – English Oak/Pedunculate Oak/French Oak and Mullein
● Bohuslan – Honeysuckle
● Dalarna – Harebell and Spreading Bellflower
● Dalsland – Water Forget-Me-Not
● Gotland – Common Ivy or English Ivy
● Gastrikland – Lily of the Valley
● Halland – Hairy Greenweed, Vancouver Gold, Gold Flash Broom
● Halsingland – Flax Plant
● Harjedalen – Viola Biflora and Pulsatilla Vernalis
● Jamtland – Nigritella Nigra
● Lappland – Mountain Avens, White Dryas, White Dryad
● Medelpad – Norway Spruce/European Spruce and the Globe Flower
● Norbotten – Akerbar
● Narke – Gullviva
● Skane – Common Daisy, Oxeye Daisy, Dog Daisy, Moon Daisy
● Sodermanland – European White Waterlily, White Lotus, or Nenuphar
● Uppland – Snake’s Head, Chess Flower, Leper Lily, Checkered Lily
● Varmland – Artic Starflower or Chickweed Wintergreen
● Vasterbotten – Pedicularis Sceptrum-Carolinum
● Vastergotland – Common Heather, Heather or Ling
● Vastmanland – Mistletoe
● Angermanland – Viola Tricolor
● Oland – Helianthemum Oelandicum
● Ostergotland – Bachelor’s Button, Bluebottle, Cornflower, Boutonniere Flower, Hurtsickle, Cyani Flower



Although Canada doesn’t have a specific flower that represents it in its entirety, each province does; they are:

● Alberta – Wild Rose
● British Columbia – Dogwood Tree
● Manitoba – Prairie Crocus
● New Brunswick – Purple Violet
● Newfoundland and Labrador – Pitcher Plant
● Nova Scotia – Mayflower
● Ontario – White Trillium
● Prince Edward Island – Lady’s Slipper
● Quebec – Blue Flag
● Saskatchewan – Prairie Lily

United Kingdom

Similar to Canada, the UK as a whole does not have a national flower, but each country within it is known to; they are:

● England – Rose
● Scotland – Thistle
● Wales – Daffodil
● Northern Ireland – Shamrock


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